If you need to hire or outsource professionals for back-end development services, you should understand the primary trends and technologies in this sphere. This knowledge will enable you to pick the best team that will help you achieve your goals quickly and efficiently. In this article, we’ll list 5 crucial back-end development technologies in 2022. This information was provided by TechStack — a full-stack software development company that creates cutting-edge technology solutions for businesses of any size and industry.
It’s a highly popular general-purpose scripting language. This acronym stands for “Hypertext Preprocessor”. Over 3/4 of existing sites rely on it as a server-side language. Most modern hosting providers support it. That’s why you might sometimes hear the phrase “the Internet is built on PHP”.
This programming language meets the following criteria:
- Easy to learn
- Exceptionally functional
Compared to other languages, it enables programmers to develop apps quicker and modify them more easily. Plus, PHP is indispensable for supporting products that have already hit the market.
By saying that PHP is a simple language, we don’t mean that it’s suitable only for creating basic products. Incredibly complex systems can be efficiently designed on its base. It’s great for working with databases and generating HTML pages on a web server.
PHP is one of the four components of LAMP. This acronym stands for Linux, Apache, MySQL, and PHP (even though the last element might be substituted by Perl or Python, depending on the needs of the project).
Just as PHP, Python is a general-purpose language — the most popular on a global scale. The demand for it has increased considerably in the last decade.
This language can be characterized as:
- Remarkably intuitive
- With an easy-to-comprehend syntax
Once you write a code with Python, an interpreter will be able to process it without preliminary compilation. Programs created in Python are supported by all operating systems. An extensive range of open-source frameworks supports this language, which reduces the expenses involved in the development process.
Originally, Java was invented for smart-home appliances. International corporations promptly appreciated the convenience and safety of this programming language and began building their products on its base. Game consoles, laptops, cell phones, data centers and supercomputers for scientific research can be built on Java. Businesses often resort to it when they start to scale.
The best words to describe Java are:
- Dominating web and Android development
- With powerful memory management
Professionals love Java for its comprehensive documentation and helpful ecosystem. When a programmer composes a code in Java, it gets translated into a bytecode that doesn’t depend on any particular platform. At the next step, the Java Virtual Machine executes it.
According to the User Study that took place in 2018, Node.js boosts the productivity and satisfaction of development teams by nearly 70%. Professionals appreciate this solution for the following reasons:
- Quick speed of work
- Opportunity to scale horizontally and vertically
- Extensive ecosystem
- Community of developers who are always ready to consult each other
- Numerous open-source libraries
Node.js accelerates the implementation of the code because it is compiled directly into the machine code. This solution enables developers to minimize the loading time of their digital products, facilitate database access and improve the performance of their products.
It’s one of Node.js frameworks. It features signature traits of:
- Functional reactive programming
- Functional programming
- Object-oriented programming
Developers get access to framework APIs that allow them to get information about third-party modules available for any platform. Thanks to NestJS, professionals can build server-side apps that meet these criteria:
- Easy to scale
Teams of big projects find it easy to manage products built with the help of NestJS because of its user-friendly structure.
The demand for NestJS comes from all types of businesses, from huge enterprises to ambitious startups. It’s a great tool for working with microservice architecture, event sourcing patterns and domain-driven design (all of which can be characterized as innovative concepts). NestJS empowers developers to complete more tasks within a limited time frame.
Being a full-stack software development company, Techstack can take care of not only back-end development but of other aspects of the development process too: front end, mobile development, consulting, UI/UX design, quality assurance and software testing.. They always stay updated about the latest industry trends and promptly integrate new efficient instruments into their workflows. If you’re not sure of which tools and technologies you should use for your next project, the Techstack collective will be glad to answer your questions and recommend the optimal solutions to you.
Hopefully, you found this article informative and now you have a better understanding of the five technological solutions that dominate the sector of back-end software development in 2022. PHP, Python, Java, Node.js and NestJS are indispensable for building powerful and functional digital products. If you lack in-house specialists who can work with these tools, it shouldn’t be a problem for you to outsource them. There are enough qualified professionals on the market who can build top-notch products for you and provide high-quality ongoing maintenance for them.